Libertarian and utilitarian theories of justice are, in lots of respects, diametrically opposed. Closely related with the derivation of the proper from the good and with good-basedness is the priority of the nice over the right, which is generally considered an important property of utilitarianism, and which Sumner thinks is guaranteed by the great-basedness of a principle.
This is particularly the case for versions that embody rectification of past injustice: as Nozick accepts, although to introduce socialism because the punishment for our sins would be to go too far, previous injustices is perhaps so great as to make necessary in the quick run a more in depth state as a way to rectify them” (1974, 231).
The easiest answer to this may be discovered in the studies carried out on how people understand justice underneath the parameters established by distributive justice and procedural justice, which suggest that sure, there may be purpose to imagine that procedural justice supplies for a more just society total (Tyler, 2002).
It can hardly be justified as a special concept, as it cannot right” anything that wasn’t unjust in line with the final notion of justice, and it cannot (should not) provide causes or standards for appearing in a manner that’s different from that really helpful by plain justice.
Objection 2. Further, the act of justice is to render to every one what is his personal, as said above (58, 2). But when things are distributed, a person does not receive what was his, but becomes possessed of something which belonged to the group.
So, like discussions of distributive justice, deliberative democrats want to determine what the appropriate level of fact-sensitivity should be if they are to defend deliberative democracy as a viable political ideally suited (reasonably than as pie within the sky”).